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Overuse, Underuse, Optimal-Use of Character Strengths (OUOU) Psychometrics

Strength Mean Std. Deviation
Underuse 18.56 20.03
Creativity Optimal-use 62.49 21.78
Overuse 18.95 13.28
Underuse 13 15.01
Curiosity Optimal-use 71.95 20.06
Overuse 15.05 15.85
Underuse 18.58 17.73
Judgment Optimal-use 63.25 21.62
Overuse 18.17 14.59
Underuse 4.29 8.4
Love of Learning Optimal-use 74.04 22.05
Overuse 21.67 20.9
Underuse 12.63 12.23
Perspective Optimal-use 71.07 17.83
Overuse 16.3 15.03
Underuse 37.56 27.1
Bravery Optimal-use 52.91 25.92
Overuse 9.53 13.5
Underuse 15.56 18.96
Perseverance Optimal-use 62.65 22.62
Overuse 21.79 8.41
Underuse 21 20.33
Honesty Optimal-use 61.13 22.35
Overuse 17.87 16.13
Underuse 20 22.05
Zest Optimal-use 66.67 23.56
Overuse 13.33 15.7
Underuse 10.28 15.65
Love Optimal-use 69.83 24.29
Overuse 19.89 20.39
Underuse 9.74 13.25
Kindness Optimal-use 78.15 17.22
Overuse 12.11 13.07
Underuse 8.33 13.92
Social Intelligence Optimal-use 59.01 24.67
Overuse 32.66 23.43
Underuse 35.55 30.77
Teamwork Optimal-use 52.62 28.6
Overuse 11.83 15.39
Underuse 221. 19.77
Fairness Optimal-use 67.9 22.18
Overuse 10 14.27
Underuse 26.81 25.22
Leadership Optimal-use 67.17 25.93
Overuse 6.02 11.79
Underuse 20.01 22.03
Forgiveness Optimal-use 65.87 26.01
Overuse 14.12 17.77
Underuse 21.31 21.96
Humility Optimal-use 68.7 23.57
Overuse 9.99 13.61
Underuse 22.57 23.07
Prudence Optimal-use 60.8 24.32
Overuse 16.63 18.32
Underuse 26.51 21.43
Self-Regulation Optimal-use 63.85 23.52
Overuse 9.64 12.17
Underuse 63.5 26.29
Appr. of Beauty/Excell Optimal-use 63.5 26.29
Overuse 30.18 26.03
Underuse 11.05 16.84
Gratitude Optimal-use 69.17 22.43
Overuse 19.78 20.78
Underuse 14 19.19
Hope Optimal-use 68.87 24.39
Overuse 17.13 18.1
Underuse 13.2 25.88
Spirituality Optimal-use 64.65 30.61
Overuse 22.15 27.14

OUOU Citation

Freidlin, P., Littman-Ovadia, H., & Niemiec, R. M. (2017). Positive psychopathology: Social anxiety via character strengths underuse and overuse. Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 50–54. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.003

The OUOU was developed as part of a MA thesis conducted by Pavel Freidlin, supervised by Prof. Hadassah Littman-Ovadia. A Hebrew translation was developed as part of a MA thesis conducted by Yinon David, supervised by Prof. Hadassah Littman-Ovadia. Both works were completed at Ariel University in Israel."